Orissa, which speaks the Oriya language, is mainly popular for its Odissi traditional dances and classical music, all over the country. Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism are few of the main religions followed in Orissa, majority of the people present, follow the Hindu culture. Marriage is an occasion, which is celebrated with all pop and gaiety all over India, with different rituals and cultures of its respective states and their corresponding regions. Marriages in Orissa, are mainly celebrated according to the Hindu culture, with some difference as per their state and regional influence.
The costumes of the Odissi bride and groom are all traditional, with some changes made according to the time and family of the couple. The Odissi bride is made to wear lehanga or saree in the traditional bright colours like red, maroon, or orange. A lot of significance is given by the Odissi people towards the clothing of the bride and the groom at the time of wedding. The bride is loaded with a lot of jewellery, to mark the rituality of the wedding procedure. The saree of the bride is usually made of the chiffon, silk or some other type of cloth and even the wearing style of the saree by an orrian bride is different from the others.
The groom is made to wear dhoti and kurta, which is said to be the most elegant form of dressing in the Indian tradition. The total attire of the Odissi would constitute, Punjabi, dhoti, and Uttariya. At the time of the wedding, during the wedding rituals, the groom is made to wear a silk thread across his bare body, which is said to signify purity. The marriages in orissa, do not witness the mother of the groom, in the marriage ceremonies, as according to the Odissi culture, she is not allowed to attend the wedding of his son.
Following are a short description of the Odissi marriages, according to pre, during and post wedding rituals:
Pre- wedding Rituals:
Jayee Anukolo: this is the ceremony, which marks the starting of the wedding rituals. In this, the invitation cards for the marriage are distributed. The first wedding card is presented to the lord of the family, to seek his blessings, after which the invitation is sent at the places of both the maternal uncles, followed by which, it is disseminated among the other relatives and friends. Be it any state of India, personal invitation for marriage is prevalent.
Mangan tradition: this is the tradition, where the bride is applied with turmeric paste, mainly on the hands, feet and face, to make her skin glow on the D- day of her life. Elder people of the family bless the bride, after which she takes a sacred bath.
Diya Mnagula Puja: In this ceremony. Prayers are offered to the goddess of the family and the female barber is made to offer bangles, sindur, saree and toe ring to the goddess.
Barajatri and Badhua Pani Ghadua: Barajatri is the baraat as in other marriages of hindu religion. This accompanies a large number of people, usually friends and relatives of the groom, who come along with the groom with great pop and gaiety. The Badhua Pani Ghadua is a holy bath taken by the bride, after the groom arrives at the wedding venue with his baraat.
Kanyadan: this is the ceremony, where the father of the bride gives away the responsibility of her daughter to the groom, for the next seven lives.
Haatha Ghanti Ceremony: After the kanyadan, the Odissi bride and groom takes seven circles around the sacred fire, marking their togetherness for the next seven lives. Lajja or ahuti of puffed rice offered to the sacred fire, by both the bride and groom, with the brother of the bride accompanying them.
Post wedding rituals:
Grehpravesh ceremony: this is the ceremony, when the couple after getting married, enters the house of the groom. They are given a very warm welcome by the family members of the groom.
A lot of blessings is given by the elders of the Odissi groom’s family members and then the married couple, leads a happy married life.